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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  February 25, 2013 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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deaths from heart disease. dr. tara narula is a preventative cardiologist at lenox hill hospital. >> the study is significant because diet is one of the most underestimated and easy way to change your cardiovascular risk profile. >> reporter: the mediterranean diet includes extra virgin olive oil, nuts, fresh fruit vegetables, beans, fish and poultry instead of red or processed meat. it allows for seven or more glasses of wine a weak. the low fat diet also encourages fruit and vegetables and avoiding red meat but discourages all vegetable oils including all olive oil and nuts. >> by switching the type of fat you eat you can improve your the way your body handles cholesterol levels, improve the way you handle blood sugar improve the health of the way the blood vessels function and potentially prevent clotting within those vessels. >> reporter: geraldine travali has a strong family history of high cholesterol. last year she got a scare. >> i went to the doctor with a cholesterol of 335, which is
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outrageous. >> reporter: she began taking a cholesterol-lowering drug called crestor and is following a mediterranean diet. >> it's up to me to take care of myself. my physician can do so much but i need to do the rest. >> reporter: the findings were so dramatic that researchers stopped the study after five years. it would have been unethical to withhold the results any longer. >> pelley: so, jon, wine, fish nuts, olive oil. what is in these things that causes a protective effect? >> nobody really knows. one of the theories, scott, is that the oil in the virgin olive oil and also the oil in the nuts can somehow stabilize a tiny clot that's in a blood vessel and stop it from progressing and totally cutting off the blood supply, causing a heart attack or a stroke. whatever the cause, scott, this study was very, very well done and it's a big deal. >> pelley: an important study. jon, thank you. for the second time in a week, a major winter storm is pounding the great plains, whiteout conditions were reported in amarillo, texas, which could get
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a foot and a half of snow. tonight the storm is heading east through oklahoma and kansas and michael shwankee is with our cbs affiliate in wichita. michael, what's happening there? >> reporter: scott, the snow has let up but we're told do not expect that to last. more snow expected to come in tonight. forecasters saying right now they're expecting eight to ten inches. that is on top of a near record- breaking snowfall we had just last week when we received more than 14 inches of snow. it's not just kansas. go to the south of here in oklahoma where eight highways are closed, including parts of i-40. take you down to texas, texas experiencing what's being called an historic storm. amarillo experiencing record snowfall, possibly 14 to 20 inches. we're told road crews are trying to save stranded motorists along a stretch of highway near childress. scott, the problem now for a lot of these communities becomes what do you do with all of this snow? as you can see in the wichita area, a lot of it is still piled up. >> pelley: michael, you say you
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had 14 inches there is last week, that must be making things much more complicated this week. >> reporter: much more complicated and a lot of these communities are struggling to find salt and sand. wichita went to a plow-only method because they said they were out of sand. they did receive a delivery this morning. hopefully to try to treat a lot of these roads going into tonight. >> pelley: michael shwankee with our affiliate in wichita michael, thanks very much. while the plains got that snow to the south they're getting severe thunderstorms and the national weather service says that storm system could spawn tornados tomorrow all the way from louisiana to the florida panhandle. well, political storm clouds in europe moved over wall street today. a strong showing in italian elections by groups that are opposed to economic reforms there sent stock prices plummeting here. the dow lost 216 points, the biggest decline in more than three months. wall street's not likely to appreciate washington this week,
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either. those big automatic cuts in the federal budget are very likely to happen starting on friday. there's no progress on a deal. these cuts to address the budget deficit were designed to be so damaging that the white house and congress would be forced to compromise on a better way. but the president wants more tax revenue, republicans say no, and major garrett is at the white house to sort it all out for us. >> reporter: president obama continued to warn today that budget cuts could do real economic damage but was candid about when people would notice. >> these impacts will not all be felt on day one. but rest assured, the uncertainty is already having an affect. companies are preparing layoff notices. families are preparing to cut back on expenses. and the longer these cuts are in place, the bigger the impact will become. >> reporter: one republican governor, nikki haley of south carolina, said cutting federal
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spending without jeopardizing key services is so easy even her two children could do it. >> how many more times are we going to have to deal with these issues over and over again because of the finger pointing and the blame game that keeps on happening in washington? what i will tell you is, we heard today a whole lot of no. >> reporter: mr. obama has endorsed a senate democratic bill that seeks higher taxes on millionaires and unspecified cuts to defense and farm programs. house speaker john boehnor afternoon said republicans raised taxes in the fiscal cliff deal and will not again to avoid the automatic budget cuts known as the sequester. >> the president says we have to have another tax increase in order avoid the sequester. well, mr. president, you got your tax increase. it's time to cut spending here in washington. >> reporter: irritation with ever more frequent budget showdowns is growing and none of the key players are talking to each other. there's every indication that washington's string of dramatic
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11th hour compromises will soon be broken. >> pelley: major, thank you. we thought you'd like to see how much of a cut all of this really is. the whole federal budget is more than $3.5 trillion. the budget cut that would start on friday is $85 billion, so that's a cut of 2.4% of the budget. but a lot of big programs such as social security are exempt from the cuts so the cuts will be focused in this way: defense will be cut back 7.7% and most other programs will be cut 5.2%. here's the trouble: the law does not allow bureaucrats to decide where to take the cuts, they must cut across the board, cutting the useless as well as the vital. wyatt andrews found that out at the national institutes of health. >> reporter: at the scripps research institute in florida, professor lauren neederofer believes her team of 40 scientists will one day find a drug to diminish the impact of old age.
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the drug won't keep you young, she says, it will make the old less frail. >> my hypothesis would be that there will actually be drugs that you could use that will simultaneously dampen osteoporosis, dementia, maybe some fatigue and muscle wasting all at the same time. >> reporter: but her funding is in trouble because of automatic budget cuts. the n.i.h., the national institutes of health, is warned despite the promise of her research new grant money won't be approved. >> this line of research will be stopped. there's no other choice. and this is not just my case there's hundreds of other scientists who are in these exact same boats. >> we have these samples. >> reporter: dr. francis colins is the director of the n.i.h.. he calls the budget cuts sand in the engine in the search for medical discoveries in every area: cancer, aging, alzheimer's and diabetes. to reach $1.6 billion in cuts, collins says the n.i.h. will turn down one thousand of the
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best new research proposals from the nation's leading labs and medical schools. >> medical research in america will be slowed by this. advances that could have happened sooner will happen later or perhaps not at all. >> reporter: you're turning down more and more of the best new ideas? >> i'm afraid we are. this is what wakes me up in the middle of the night. >> reporter: the cuts will impact collins directly. he's still a research scientist on diabetes and on aging. i have to ask: might your personal experiment be cut? >> absolutely. >> reporter: absolutely? >> we are part of the n.i.h. so the sequester will hit this laboratory with a 5% cut. >> reporter: dr. collins calls cuts to medical research short- sighted and, scott, here's an example. collins says the n.i.h. is close to finding a universal flu vaccine that could stop every flu strain and last for three years. that kind of vaccine could save the economy tens of billions of dollars but might be delayed as the n.i.h. saves $1.6 billion. >> pelley: wyatt, thank you very
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much. we'll be in washington tomorrow to talk to the house speaker john boehner about the budget battle and we'll have that for you on tomorrow's "cbs evening news." pope benedict has just three days left in office and today in one of his last acts before retiring he changed the church rules so that the election of his successor can begin sooner. whoever that successor is, allen pizzey tells us he will be inheriting a church in turmoil. >> reporter: the pope seems increasingly at peace as he says his last good-byes. but he leaves behind the vatican beset by troubles for the next pope and those who will choose him. today, britain's most senior cleric, scottish cardinal keith o'brien, officially resigned and then took the unprecedented step of opting out of the conclave after he was accused of inappropriate contact with three priests dating back 30 years. o'brien disputes the accusation
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but said he didn't want to be the focus of media attention in rome. the news came as the pope accepted a report into what is likely to be his successor's greatest burden. an internal investigation into power struggles and corruption within the vatican hierarchy. the pope ordered the investigation after his butler was found to have stolen papers off his desk. john thavis is author of "the vatican diaries: an inside look at the church." >> it all forms part of the burden, i think, that was placed on pope benedict so i think it went into his decision to resign. >> reporter: and now goes into the decisions of choosing a successor. >> absolutely. i think the cardinals are going to want someone who is strong enough so that he won't be victimized by all the around him inside the vatican walls. >> reporter: benedict ordered that the report be kept secret and shown only to his successor. cardinal bishop robert morlino of madison, wisconsin, says the church needs an effective
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manager. >> we need someone with very strong gifts for spirituality and holiness and very strong gifts for governance and administration right now. i don't think there would be any disagreement among catholics about that at the moment. >> reporter: finding someone who fits all these criteria as well as being able to get the church's message out to an increasingly restive flock will require the kind of divine inspiration that cardinals say accompanies them into the conclave. scott. >> pelley: allen, thanks very much. there's been a recall at ikea, but it's not the furniture. billions are at stake as b.p. goes on trial for oil disaster. and they love the power and the speed, but how can you keep racing fans safe when the "cbs evening news" continues. at the long term health benefits of taking multivitamins. they used centrum
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>> reporter: carroll kyle larson's car went air born. it hurdled into the 22 foot high safety fence yards from whitney turner. >> we're up on our feet and all of a sudden we hear "rick, rick!" and the cars are going everywhere. >> reporter: the cell phone video showed what the pileup looked like to the fans. >> oh, my god! >> we started seeing stuff fly everywhere. debris, tires flying up in your face, not knowing if you're going to live or die. >> reporter: debris shattered turner's shin bone and sliced her achilles tendon. other fans suffered deep cuts and broken bones. nascar and track officials investigating the wreck want to improve the safety of so-called catch fences at u.s. speedways. daytona's steel pole, cable, and wire fence is the industry standard. >> at times it can be like a
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cheese grater. at some sp n shred the car apart and send debris into the stands. >> reporter: ryan hunter-raey is the current champion of the indy car series where speeds typically approach 230 miles per hour. he races on many of the same tracks as nascar. >> this incident gives us an opportunity as an open forum for indy car and nascar to get together and come up with solutions. >> reporter: a grandstand redesign was already planned for daytona. spectators could be moved back but being close to the action is part of the allure for fans like whitney turner. on crutches, she made it back for yesterday's race. mark strassmann, cbs news, daytona beach, florida. >> pelley: the oil company b.p. went on trial today in federal court in new orleans for that disaster in the gulf back in 2010, the deepwater horizon rig exploded killing 11 workers and unleashing the largest accidental oil spill in history. b.p. could face $17 billion in fines if it is found liable at this civil trial. last year, b.p. pleaded guilty to criminal charges and paid $4.5 billion in penalties.
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meat was reportedly found. ikea stores in the u.s. are not affected. there was a time most folks didn't know who the surgeon general was let alone what he did. and then president reagan gave the job to c. everett koop, the doctor with the distinctive beard turned the office into a bully pulpit, becoming what he called america's health conscience, alerting the public to the emerging aids crisis and railing against smoking. c. everett koop died today. he was 96. iran's culture minister today called the oscar-winning film "argo" about the iranian hostage crisis "distorted history." he said this on the same day that iran's fars news agency gave a lesson in how to distort history. have a look. this is michelle obama presenting "argo" with the best picture oscar last night and this is how she looked today in the iranian press after some
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photo shop alterations to cover her chest and shoulders in the conservative islamic country. another film that was up for best picture has angered some families of 9/11 victims. their story is next. the battle of bataan 1942. [ all ] fort benning, georgia, in 1999. [ male announcer ] usaa auto insurance is often handed down from generation to generation because it offers a superior level of protection and because usaa's commitment to serve the military, veterans, and their families is without equal. begin your legacy. get an auto-insurance quote. usaa. we know what it means to serve. before copd... i took my son fishing every year. we had a great spot not easy to find, but worth it. but with copd making it hard to breathe i thought those days might be over. so my doctor prescribed symbicort. it helps significantly improve my lung function starting within five minutes. symbicort doesn't replace a rescue inhaler for sudden
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those recordings are in the public domain and in one of the movies that was up for best picture. seth doane reports that's created a controversy. >> reporter: the film "zero dark thirty" starts with actual voices of victims of 9/11 recorded as think made their -- had -- recorded as they made their last phone calls. >> there's no one here yet and the floor is completely engulfed. >> should never have happened. >> reporter: for mary and frank fetchet, it brings back painful memories. one of those voices was their son, brad, who worked on the 89th floor of the world trade center's south tower. >> when i arrived home, i found brad's message on my phone. of course, you know, these were his last words, in my view, because we never heard from him again. >> reporter: as parents, how important, how significant, is this message that brad left? >> the ongoing anguish we've gone through, it's a treasured remembrance.
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it's a treasured message. it's ours. >> reporter: they say that treasured remembrance was used in the film without their permission. >> my first thought was: isn't anything sacred anymore? >> reporter: you used this recording in testimony for the 9/11 commission. it's appeared in broadcast tv news reports. what's different about having it played as part of this film? >> well, i have used it in situations where i wanted to convey brad's story. none of those situations were used for commercial endeavors. >> reporter: the film has grossed more than $90 million worldwide. in a statement, the film distributor sony and the studio annapurna say "zero dark thirty" is a tribute to the victims of 9/11; and before the film's release, they initiated contact with a number of family members of the victims of the 9/11 attacks. >> but to say we've reached out to families, yeah, reached out to say, come to the preview after the film's already
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completed. >> we were never given any notification. >> reporter: harry's sister betty ong was a flight attendant who was killed on american airlines flight 11. >> we are asking that they apologize and that they recognize basically that they used betty's voice and brad's and others at liberty. >> reporter: after the film was released, the ongs and the fetchets asked sony and annapurna for donations to their 9/11 charities in exchange for the use of their loved ones's voices; but the filmmakers had already decided to donate to the national 9/11 memorial museum. >> the real driver in this is getting this record set straight. i think this should put a line in the sand that says, "it's not right." >> reporter: the fetchets, hope by speaking out, that victims of other tragedies will not suffer similar surprises. seth doane, cbs news, new canaan, connecticut.
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>> and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. good evening. the upcoming papal election will make bay area history. for the first time a former san francisco archbishop will participate in the conclave but len ramirez tells us the historic vote may be overshadowed by events leading up to it. >> reporter: exactly right. william levada is familiar to many bay area catholics as the former archbishop of san francisco. as he travels to rome there are several controversies swirling around the vatican so the cardinal says there will be a lot on his mind. >> a man of faith and prayer, a person who has shown qualities of leadership. >> reporter: cardinal william
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levada the former archbishop of san francisco and once the most powerful american in the catholic church listed some of the qualities he will look for when he goes to rome to help select a new pope. >> at least facility in the major languages is very helpful. >> reporter: but what levada called his solemn duty may be overshadowed. the conclave of cardinals from which the new pope will be selected is happening in the middle of several church controversies. scotland's keith o'brien says he will not participate after allegations he made unwanted sexual advances towards priests in the 1980s and cardinal roger mahony of los angeles is under pressure to drop out amid accusations he covered up for pedophile priests whens of a bishop. levada defended mahony. >> he is the first one to apologize for errors in judgment he made when these issues were first coming before him as a young bishop. i believe he should be at the conclave and i'm glad to see he left to -- and look forward to seeing him there. >> reporter: levada also said he supports the decision by
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pope benedict to keep the potentially explosive vatileaks investigation under seal with the final report only to be viewed by the pope and his successor. do you think all these controversies threaten this conclave? >> no, i don't. the swirl of controversy will we'll never be free of that one way or another but that's not going to be the dominant theme i don't think. >> reporter: and cardinal levada said it is a remote possibility but still a possibility that an american could be chosen as the new pope. i asked him if he thought he had a chance. he admitted that the thought had crossed his mind but allen, when i asked him what he would do if selected or asked to be the pope, he said, no comment. and kept on going. >> it's not something they go to looking to lobby and promote themselves. >> reporter: no. it's not an election the way american politics certainly not. its something very solemn and something that a lot of


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